Comparison of the cytotoxic effects of beta-sitosterol oxides and a cholesterol oxide, 7 beta-hydroxycholesterol, in cultured mammalian cells

Typeset version

 

TY  - JOUR
  - Maguire, L,Konoplyannikov, M,Ford, A,Maguire, AR,O'Brien, NM
  - 2003
  - October
  - British Journal of Nutrition
  - Comparison of the cytotoxic effects of beta-sitosterol oxides and a cholesterol oxide, 7 beta-hydroxycholesterol, in cultured mammalian cells
  - Validated
  - WOS: 67 ()
  - phytosterol oxides cholesterol oxides cytotoxicity apoptosis PHYTOSTEROL OXIDES OXIDATION-PRODUCTS ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL GAMMA-TOCOPHEROL APOPTOSIS OXYSTEROLS GLUTATHIONE FOODS DEATH LINES
  - 90
  - 767
  - 775
  - Phytosterols are plant sterols found in foods such as oils, nuts and vegetables. Phytosterols, in the same way as cholesterol, contain a double bond and are susceptible to oxidation. The objective of the present study was to assess the potential toxic effects of P-sitosterol oxides on U937 cells. The effects of increasing concentrations (0-120 mum) of P-sitosterol oxides on cellular cytotoxicity, apoptosis, antioxidant status and genotoxicity was assessed over 12, 24 and 48 It exposure periods. Following 12 h, the viability of cells treated with 120 mum-beta-sitosterol oxides was reduced to 51.7% relative to control. At 24 and 48 It, both 60 and 120 mum-beta-sitosterol oxides caused a significant decrease in cell viability. For comparison, a decrease in viability of cells treated with a cholesterol oxide, 7beta-hydroxycholesterol (7beta-OH. 30 Vmum), was evident at 24 h. An increase in apoptotic cells, assessed using Hoechst 33342, indicates that the mode of cell death in U937 cells following exposure to 7beta-OH (30 mum) and beta-sitosterol oxides (60 and 120 mum) was by apoptosis. The increase in apoptotic cells after 12 h following treatment with 120 mum-beta-sitosterol oxides was accompanied by a decrease in cellular glutathione. Similarly. 7beta-OH (30 muM) treatment resulted in decreased glutathione at 12 h. Catalase activity was not affected by any of the treatments. beta-Sitosterol oxides had no genotoxic effects on U937 and V79 cells as assessed by the comet and sister chromatid exchange assays respectively. In general. the results indicate that thermally oxidised derivatives of beta-sitosterol demonstrate similar biological effects as 7beta-OH in U937 cells. but at higher concentrations.
  - 10.1079/BJN2003956
DA  - 2003/10
ER  - 
@article{V243943235,
   = {Maguire,  L and Konoplyannikov,  M and Ford,  A and Maguire,  AR and O'Brien,  NM },
   = {2003},
   = {October},
   = {British Journal of Nutrition},
   = {Comparison of the cytotoxic effects of beta-sitosterol oxides and a cholesterol oxide, 7 beta-hydroxycholesterol, in cultured mammalian cells},
   = {Validated},
   = {WOS: 67 ()},
   = {phytosterol oxides cholesterol oxides cytotoxicity apoptosis PHYTOSTEROL OXIDES OXIDATION-PRODUCTS ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL GAMMA-TOCOPHEROL APOPTOSIS OXYSTEROLS GLUTATHIONE FOODS DEATH LINES},
   = {90},
  pages = {767--775},
   = {{Phytosterols are plant sterols found in foods such as oils, nuts and vegetables. Phytosterols, in the same way as cholesterol, contain a double bond and are susceptible to oxidation. The objective of the present study was to assess the potential toxic effects of P-sitosterol oxides on U937 cells. The effects of increasing concentrations (0-120 mum) of P-sitosterol oxides on cellular cytotoxicity, apoptosis, antioxidant status and genotoxicity was assessed over 12, 24 and 48 It exposure periods. Following 12 h, the viability of cells treated with 120 mum-beta-sitosterol oxides was reduced to 51.7% relative to control. At 24 and 48 It, both 60 and 120 mum-beta-sitosterol oxides caused a significant decrease in cell viability. For comparison, a decrease in viability of cells treated with a cholesterol oxide, 7beta-hydroxycholesterol (7beta-OH. 30 Vmum), was evident at 24 h. An increase in apoptotic cells, assessed using Hoechst 33342, indicates that the mode of cell death in U937 cells following exposure to 7beta-OH (30 mum) and beta-sitosterol oxides (60 and 120 mum) was by apoptosis. The increase in apoptotic cells after 12 h following treatment with 120 mum-beta-sitosterol oxides was accompanied by a decrease in cellular glutathione. Similarly. 7beta-OH (30 muM) treatment resulted in decreased glutathione at 12 h. Catalase activity was not affected by any of the treatments. beta-Sitosterol oxides had no genotoxic effects on U937 and V79 cells as assessed by the comet and sister chromatid exchange assays respectively. In general. the results indicate that thermally oxidised derivatives of beta-sitosterol demonstrate similar biological effects as 7beta-OH in U937 cells. but at higher concentrations.}},
   = {10.1079/BJN2003956},
  source = {IRIS}
}
AUTHORSMaguire, L,Konoplyannikov, M,Ford, A,Maguire, AR,O'Brien, NM
YEAR2003
MONTHOctober
JOURNAL_CODEBritish Journal of Nutrition
TITLEComparison of the cytotoxic effects of beta-sitosterol oxides and a cholesterol oxide, 7 beta-hydroxycholesterol, in cultured mammalian cells
STATUSValidated
TIMES_CITEDWOS: 67 ()
SEARCH_KEYWORDphytosterol oxides cholesterol oxides cytotoxicity apoptosis PHYTOSTEROL OXIDES OXIDATION-PRODUCTS ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL GAMMA-TOCOPHEROL APOPTOSIS OXYSTEROLS GLUTATHIONE FOODS DEATH LINES
VOLUME90
ISSUE
START_PAGE767
END_PAGE775
ABSTRACTPhytosterols are plant sterols found in foods such as oils, nuts and vegetables. Phytosterols, in the same way as cholesterol, contain a double bond and are susceptible to oxidation. The objective of the present study was to assess the potential toxic effects of P-sitosterol oxides on U937 cells. The effects of increasing concentrations (0-120 mum) of P-sitosterol oxides on cellular cytotoxicity, apoptosis, antioxidant status and genotoxicity was assessed over 12, 24 and 48 It exposure periods. Following 12 h, the viability of cells treated with 120 mum-beta-sitosterol oxides was reduced to 51.7% relative to control. At 24 and 48 It, both 60 and 120 mum-beta-sitosterol oxides caused a significant decrease in cell viability. For comparison, a decrease in viability of cells treated with a cholesterol oxide, 7beta-hydroxycholesterol (7beta-OH. 30 Vmum), was evident at 24 h. An increase in apoptotic cells, assessed using Hoechst 33342, indicates that the mode of cell death in U937 cells following exposure to 7beta-OH (30 mum) and beta-sitosterol oxides (60 and 120 mum) was by apoptosis. The increase in apoptotic cells after 12 h following treatment with 120 mum-beta-sitosterol oxides was accompanied by a decrease in cellular glutathione. Similarly. 7beta-OH (30 muM) treatment resulted in decreased glutathione at 12 h. Catalase activity was not affected by any of the treatments. beta-Sitosterol oxides had no genotoxic effects on U937 and V79 cells as assessed by the comet and sister chromatid exchange assays respectively. In general. the results indicate that thermally oxidised derivatives of beta-sitosterol demonstrate similar biological effects as 7beta-OH in U937 cells. but at higher concentrations.
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DOI_LINK10.1079/BJN2003956
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