Nursing and Midwifery
School of Nursing & Midwifery
Brookfield
College Road

T: +353 214901465
E: t.andrews@ucc.ie
Lecturer
Nursing & Midwifery
University College Cork
Cork
Ireland

T: +353-21-490-3000
F: +353 214901465
E: t.andrews@ucc.ie

My background is in Intensive Care/Critical Care nursing. My MSc dissertation investigated blood loss associated with arterial blood gas analysis sampling. My PhD thesis investigated how nurses detect and report physiological deterioration in acutely ill patients. My current interest is in end-of-life care in Intensive Care.

I trained and studied  Classic Grounded Theory methodology under the direction of Dr Barney Glaser, one of the originators of the methodology.  As a result I have supervised 4 PhD, using this, to successful completion and currently supervise 4 students using CGT.  I have conducted a number of training workshops and seminars in Ireland, Canada, Portugal, Malta, and the UK.  I have also advised students using this from the University of Bergen, Norway, the Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden and the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil.  I am considered to be a renowned expert in Classic Grounded Theory.

Research Interests

My methodological interest is in Grounded Theory (Glaserian). My research interests are in all aspects of critical care, particularly in relation to the early detection of physiological deterioration and clinical decision making.

My research strategy currently revolves around deteriorating conditions- patients in physiological decline.  This was the basis of my PhD work and I am following on from this.  To date, it has been in the area of critical care but I have recently reviewed my strategy and will broaden it out to include deteriorations generally, with a specific focus on cardiology as well as critical care.  My focus recently has been on end-of-life care in Intensive Care.

In relation to impacting on the discipline, my paper (2005) ¿Visualising deteriorating conditions¿ published in the Journal of Advanced Nursing has been cited by 11 other papers.  I have presented the results of my findings from my PhD and published them in a variety of peer reviewed journals as well as presenting at a number of national and international conferences.  As a result of publication, I was invited to present at the ¿Deteriorating hospital patient¿ conference in Portsmouth, UK.  This conference covered all aspects of the detection and reporting of physiological deterioration. 

Consistent with my research strategy, I completed a study investigating the impact of a Medical Emergency Team has on rates of mortality.  I also investigated how people suffering from polio deal with the knowledge of a secondary deterioration.  To date, I have completed two projects on end-of-life care.  One was in conjunction with colleagues in Germany, Brazil, Palestine and the UK and investigated critical care nurses' role in end-of-life care. The other project was under the auspices of the European Federation of Critical Care Nurses' Associations, in collaboration with colleagues in Sweden, Germany, Israel and the UK.  It was a pan European project investigating the to explore European intensive care nurses experiences of the transition from curative care to comfort care.

I have developed methodological expertise in Grounded Theory and have been invited to present at methodological and research conferences and seminars.  While these are multi-professional, they attract a number of nurses.  Also, I have been invited to examine a number of research degrees and have supervised four students to completion.

Book Chapters

YearPublication
(2011)'Reflections on generating a formal grounded theory'
Andrews, T; (2011) 'Reflections on generating a formal grounded theory' In: Grounded Theory. The philosophy, method and work of Barney Glaser. Boca Raton, Florida: BrownWalder Press. [Details]
(2011)'Learning methodology minus mentorship'
McCallin, A; Nathanial, A; Andrews, T; (2011) 'Learning methodology minus mentorship' In: Grounded Theory. The philosophy, method and work of Barney Glaser. Boca Raton, Florida: BrownWalker Press. [Details]
(2007)'Visualising Worsening Progressions'
Andrews, T and Waterman, H; (2007) 'Visualising Worsening Progressions' In: The Grounded Theory Seminar Reader. Mill Valley: Sociology Press. [Details]

Peer Reviewed Journals

YearPublication
(2012)'Protecting Family Interests: an interview study with foreign-born parents struggling on in childhood cancer care'
Pergert, P; Ekblad, S; Björk, O; Enskär, K and Andrews, T (2012) 'Protecting Family Interests: an interview study with foreign-born parents struggling on in childhood cancer care'. International Journal of Pediatrics, 2012 :1-7 [DOI] [CORA Link] [Details]
(2012)'What is social constructionism?'
Andrews, T (2012) 'What is social constructionism?'. The Grounded Theory Review: An International Journal, 11 (1):39-46 [Details]
(2012)'Commentary on “Constructing New Theory for Identifying Students with Emotional Disturbance”'
Hernandez, C and Andrews, T (2012) 'Commentary on “Constructing New Theory for Identifying Students with Emotional Disturbance”'. The Grounded Theory Review: An International Journal, 11 (1):59-63 [Details]
(2011)'Intensive care nurses' knowledge of critical care family needs'
Buckley, P and Andrews, T; (2011) 'Intensive care nurses' knowledge of critical care family needs'. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing, [Details]
(2010)'The Modifiability of Grounded Theory'
Nathanial, A; Andrews, T ; (2010) 'The Modifiability of Grounded Theory'. The Grounded Theory Review: An International Journal, 9 (1):65-78 [Details]
(2009)'Awareness of dying revisited'
Andrews, T and Nathanial, A ; (2009) 'Awareness of dying revisited'. Journal of Nursing Care Quality, 24 (3):189-193 [Details]
(2008)'What factors influence arterial blood gas sampling patterns?'
Andrews, T and Waterman, H; (2008) 'What factors influence arterial blood gas sampling patterns?'. Nursing in Critical Care, 13 (3):132-137 [Details]
(2007)'How Grounded Theory can improve nursing care quality'
Nathanial, A and Andrews, T; (2007) 'How Grounded Theory can improve nursing care quality'. Journal of Nursing Care Quality, 22 (4):350-357 [Details]
(2007)'Reflections on the Discovery of Grounded Theory'
Andrews, T; (2007) 'Reflections on the Discovery of Grounded Theory'. The Grounded Theory Review: An International Journal, Special Edition (*):55-60 [Details]
(2006)'The purpose of the literature review in Grounded Theory'
Andrews, T.; (2006) 'The purpose of the literature review in Grounded Theory'. The Grounded Theory Review: An International Journal, 5 (2/3):29-33 [Details]
(2005)'Visualising deteriorating conditions'
Andrews, T.,Waterman, H.; (2005) 'Visualising deteriorating conditions'. The Grounded Theory Review: An International Journal, 4 (2):63-93 [Details]
(2005)'Packaging: a grounded theory of how to report physiological deterioration effectively'
Andrews, T and Waterman, H; (2005) 'Packaging: a grounded theory of how to report physiological deterioration effectively'. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 52 ((5)):473-481 [Details]
(1999)'Blood gas analysis: a study of blood loss in intensive care'
Andrews, T., Waterman, H., and Hillier, V.; (1999) 'Blood gas analysis: a study of blood loss in intensive care'. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 30 ((4)):851-857 [Details]

Other Journals

YearPublication
(2007)'Doing Formal Grounded Theory: a review'
Andrews, T; (2007) 'Doing Formal Grounded Theory: a review' The Grounded Theory Review: An International Journal, 6 :91-93. [Details]

Conference Publications

YearPublication
(2011)European Federaton of Critical Care Nursing Spring Congress
Andrews, T (2011) An investigation into the effectiveness of introducing a medical emergency team European Federaton of Critical Care Nursing Spring Congress , 24-MAR-11 - 26-MAR-11 [Details]
(2006)25th International Nursing and Midwifery Research Conference
Andrews, T and Waterman, H (2006); (2006) Visualising Deteriorating Conditions 25th International Nursing and Midwifery Research Conference Dublin, Ireland, [Details]
(2004)Royal College of Nursing International Conference
Andrews, T and Waterman, H ; (2004) Effective Packaging : the role of the early warning score in detecting deterioration Royal College of Nursing International Conference Manchester, UK, [Details]
(2003)Royal College of Nursing International Nursing Conference
Andrews, T and Waterman, H ; (2003) Physiological Deterioration: something just clicks and you just know Royal College of Nursing International Nursing Conference Manchester, UK, [Details]

Invited Seminars

YearPublication
(2005)Role clarity for the advanced nurse practitioner role.
Kelleher, A., Andrews, T.; (2005) Role clarity for the advanced nurse practitioner role. Invited Seminars [Details]

Other

YearPublication
(2009)Struggling On: Experiences of Foreign-Born Parents In Childhood Cancer Care.
Pergert, P, Ekblad, S, Bjork, O, Enskar, K, Andrews, T; (2009) Struggling On: Experiences of Foreign-Born Parents In Childhood Cancer Care. Other [Details]
(2009)Awareness of Dying Revisited.
Andrews, T, Nathaniel, AK; (2009) Awareness of Dying Revisited. Other [Details]

Unpublished work

YearPublication
(2007)Communicating concern about patient deterioration.
Andrews, T.; (2007) Communicating concern about patient deterioration. Portsmouth Hospitals NHS Trust, UK: Unpublished work [Details]

Honours and Awards

 YearTitleAwarding Body
2006Best potential contribution to nursing and midwifery practice Royal College of Surgeons, Dublin

Professional Associations

 AssociationFunctionFrom / To
Grounded Theory Institute Fellow07-AUG-08 /

Conference Contributions

YearPublication
(2010)4th Qualitative Summer School,
Andrews, T (2010) Grounded Theory Seminar. [Invited Lectures (Workshops)], 4th Qualitative Summer School, Dublin City University , 11-JUN-10 - 12-JUN-10. [Details]
(2009)3rd Qualitative Research Summer School,
Andrews, T (2009) Grounded Theory Seminar. [Invited Lectures (Workshops)], 3rd Qualitative Research Summer School, Dublin City University , 12-JUN-09 - 13-JUN-09. [Details]
(2008)Grounded Theory Workshop,
Andrews, T.; (2008) Co-organised proceedings. [Conference Organising Committee Member], Grounded Theory Workshop, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada , 01-JAN-08 - 01-JAN-08. [Details]
(2008)2nd Qualitative Research Summer School,
Andrews, T; (2008) Grounded Theory Workshop. [Invited Lectures (Workshops)], 2nd Qualitative Research Summer School, School of Nursing and Midwifery,Dublin City University , 06-JUN-08 - 06-AUG-08. [Details]
(2008)Grounded Theory Workshop,
Andrews, T.; (2008) Co-organised one day. [Oral Presentation], Grounded Theory Workshop, New York, US , 01-JAN-08 - 01-JAN-08. [Details]
(2008)Grounded Theory Seminar,
Andrews, T. (2008) Co-Chair. [Invited Lectures (Conference)], Grounded Theory Seminar, Halifax, Canada , 01-JAN-08 - 01-JAN-08. [Details]
(2008)Grounded Theory Seminar,
Andrews, T.; (2008) The practical application of a theory generated using Grounded Theory. [Oral Presentation], Grounded Theory Seminar, Grounded Theory Institute, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada , 01-AUG-08 - 01-AUG-08. [Details]
(2008)Grounded Theory Seminar,
Andrews, T.; (2008) Issues in Grounded Theory Research. [Oral Presentation], Grounded Theory Seminar, Grounded Theory Institute, London , 01-MAR-08 - 01-MAR-08. [Details]
(2007)Grounded Theory Seminar,
Andrews, T.; (2007) Perspectives on Grounded Theory. [Oral Presentation], Grounded Theory Seminar, Grounded Theory Institute, London , 01-APR-07 - 01-APR-07. [Details]
(2007)Grounded Theory Workshop,
Andrews, T.; (2007) Co-organised one day. [Conference Organising Committee Member], Grounded Theory Workshop, London, UK , 01-JAN-07 - 01-JAN-07. [Details]
(2007)The Deteriorating Hospital Patient Conference,
Andrews, T; (2007) Communicating concern about patient deterioration. [Invited Oral Presentation], The Deteriorating Hospital Patient Conference, Portsmouth, UK , 27-SEP-07 - 27-SEP-07. [Details]
(2006)Grounded Theory Workshop,
Andrews, T.; (2006) Co-organised one day. [Conference Organising Committee Member], Grounded Theory Workshop, London, UK , 01-JAN-06 - 01-JAN-06. [Details]
(2006)Grounded Theory Trouble Shooting Seminar,
Andrews, T; (2006) Writing Workshop. [Oral Presentation], Grounded Theory Trouble Shooting Seminar, New York , 25-OCT-06 - 26-OCT-06. [Details]
(2006)6th Annual Nursing and Midwifery Research Conference,
Andrews, T; (2006) The Deteriorating Patient. [Oral Presentation], 6th Annual Nursing and Midwifery Research Conference, School of Nursing and Midwifery, University College Cork , 22-SEP-06 - 22-SEP-06. [Details]
(2006)25th International Nursing and Midwifery Research Conference, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland-,
Andrews, T.; (2006) Visualising Deteriorating Conditions. [Oral Presentation], 25th International Nursing and Midwifery Research Conference, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland-, Dublin , 23-FEB-06 - 24-FEB-06. [Details]
(2006)Seminar,
Andrews, T.; (2006) An introduction to Grounded Theory. [Invited Lectures (Workshops)], Seminar, School of Education, University College Dublin , 01-JUN-06 - 01-JUN-06. [Details]
(2004)Royal College of Nursing International Research Nursing Conference,
Andrews, T.; (2004) Effective Packaging: the role of the early warning score in detecting deterioration. [Oral Presentation], Royal College of Nursing International Research Nursing Conference, Cambridge, UK , 22-MAR-04 - 24-MAR-04. [Details]
(2003)5th Regional Network Sharing Event (Critical Care) Central Manchester Health Care Trust,
Andrews, T.; (2003) Something just clicks and you just know. [Invited Oral Presentation], 5th Regional Network Sharing Event (Critical Care) Central Manchester Health Care Trust, Manchester, UK , 06-OCT-03 - 06-OCT-03. [Details]
(2003)Research Group Annual Conference, Central Manchester Health Care Trust,
Andrews, T.; (2003) Something just clicks and you just know. [Oral Presentation], Research Group Annual Conference, Central Manchester Health Care Trust, Manchester, UK , 23-OCT-03 - 23-OCT-03. [Details]
(2003)First Grounded Theory Öresund Conference,
Andrews, T.; (2003) Making credible: a grounded theory of how nurses detect and report physiological deterioration. [Invited Oral Presentation], First Grounded Theory Öresund Conference, Malmö, Sweden , 23-SEP-03 - 24-SEP-03. [Details]
(2003)Royal College of Nursing International Research Nursing Conference,
Andrews, T.; (2003) Physiological Deterioration: something just clicks and you just know. [Oral Presentation], Royal College of Nursing International Research Nursing Conference, Manchester, UK , 10-APR-03 - 12-APR-03. [Details]

Committees

 CommitteeFunctionFrom / To
Teaching and Curriculum member2011 / 2015
Post-Graduate Committee member2006 / 2013
BSc undergraduate committee member2014 / 2015
Research committee member2014 / 2015
Scientific Committee European Federaton of Critical Care Nursing associations member and reviewer2012 / 2015
National Council of the Irish Federation of University Teachers member of Council2008 / 2009

Employment

 EmployerPositionFrom / To
University College Cork Lecturer (School of Nursing and Midwifery)01-SEP-04 /
University of Manchester Lecturer01-JAN-03 / 01-JAN-04
University of Manchester Research Associate01-JAN-02 / 01-JAN-03
University of Manchester Lecturer01-JAN-95 / 01-JAN-02

Education

 YearInstitutionQualificationSubject
2003University of Manchester PhDunknown
1995University of Manchester BSc (Nursing)Nursing (Hons)
1996University of Manchester Postgraduate DiplomaEducation
1997University of Manchester MSc NursingNursing

Consultancy

 ClientDescription
University of Bergen, Norway

PhD: methodological advisor to a student at the Department of Information Science and Media Studies, University of Bergen, Norway

Department of Woman and Child Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm

PhD: methodological advisor to a student at the Department of Woman and Child Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm

School of Education, University College Dublin, Ireland

PhD: methodological advisor to a student at the School of Education, University College Dublin, Ireland

Journal Activities

 JournalRoleTo / From
Nursing In Critical Care Referee30-SEP-10 -
Intensive And Critical Care Nursing Referee21-MAY-07 -
The Grounded Theory Review: An International Journal Member of Editorial Board01-JAN-05 -
Journal Of Advanced Nursing Referee01-JAN-03 -
The Grounded Theory Review: An International Journal Referee01-JAN-06 -

Teaching Interests

I currently teach the following:
cardio-respiratory pathophysiology
clinical examination skills
intensive care
physiological deterioration recognition
research methods
professional issues